1. Memangun resep teyasing sasomo (kita selalu membuat senang hati orang lain.2. Jroning suko kudu eling lan waspodo (didalam suasana riang kita harus tetap waspada).3. Laksitaning subroto tan nyipto marang pringgo bayaning lampah (dalam perjalanan utk mencapai cita2 luhur kita tidak perduli dengan segala bentuk rintangan).4. Meper hardaning pancadriya (kita harus selalu menekan gelora hawa nafsu).5. heneng-hening-henung (dlm keadaan diam kita akan memperoleh keheningan dan dalam keheningan itulah kita akan mencapai cita2 luhur).6. Mulyo guno panca waktu (suatu kebahagiaan lahir bathin hanya bisa kita capai dengan sholat 5 waktu) 7. Menehono teken marang wong kang wuto, menehono mangan marang wong kang luwe, menehono busono marang wong kang wudo, menehono ngiyup marang wong kang kedanan (berilah ilmu agar org menjadi pintar, sejahterakanlah kehidupan masyarakat yg miskin, ajarilah kesusilaan pd org tdk punya malu, serta beri perlindungan org yg menderita).

Senin, 24 Oktober 2011

Sweet corn sweet corn sweet corn..Japanese Beetle (Popillia japonica)



Metallic green or greenish bronze beetles, ranging from 1/3 to 5/8 inches long, have reddish wing covers and two prominent, and several smaller, white spots near the tip of the abdomen and along the sides. They feed on the husks, foliage, kernels and silk at the tip of the ear.
Japanese beetles pass the winter as grubs, about ½ to ¾ inch long, buried in the soil . Growth is completed during June, and the adults emerge in greatest numbers in July. The female beetles lay their white eggs 2 to 6 inches deep in the soil. The grubs feed mainly on decaying vegetation at first, but later on the fine roots of grasses and other plants. In high numbers, they can cause serious damage to lawns and golf greens. The grub resembles the common white grub but is only ¾ to 1 inch long, when full-grown, and can be distinguished from its near relatives by the appearance of the last ventral segment. The adults are common during July and August. The prefer to feed on parts of the plant exposed to the sun.
Controls
Biological: USDA imported and released about 49 species of natural enemies of the Japanese beetle. Only a few of these became established, the most widely distributed of which are the tiphiid wasp larval parasites (Tiphia vernalis and T. popilliavora) and the tachnid fly (Hyperecteina aldrichi). These parasitoids provide some suppression, but their occurrence is sporadic and they cannot be relied upon for control.
Cultural: Select sweet corn cultivars with good tip coverage.
Monitoring: Treat when necessary during silking, often treatments can be limited to outer boarder rows of large fields of sweet corn.
Chemical:Generally, Japanese beetles are controlled by sprays used to control corn earworm, European corn borer, and fall armyworm.
Application Alternatives:
Ambush 2 E (permethrin)- Apply as a foliar treatment at 6.4 to 12.8 fl oz per acre to a limit of 76.7 fl oz per acre per season.
Asana XL (esfenvalerate)- Apply as a foliar treatment at 5.8 to 9.6 fl oz per acre to a limit of 96 fl oz per acre per season.
Baythroid 2 (cyfluthrin)- Apply as a foliar treatment at 0.8 to 1.6 fl oz per acre to a limit of 10 applications per season.
Diazinon 14 G (diazinon)- Apply as a foliar treatment at 7 to 14 lb per acre.
Malathion 57 EC (malathion)- Apply as a foliar treatment at 1-½ pt per acre.
Pounce 3.2 EC (permethrin)- Apply as a foliar treatment at 4 to 8 fl oz per acre to a limit of 48 fl oz per acre per season.
Sevin 80 WSP (carbaryl)- Apply as a foliar treatment at 1-1/4 to 2-½ lb per acre to a limit of 8 applications per acre per season. Allow at least 7 days between sprays.
Warrior 1 E (lambda-cyhalothrin)- Apply as a foliar treatment at 2.56 to 3.84 fl oz per acre per season to a limit of 3.84 pt per acre per season.

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